what size tips to use on spray gun

There is quite some contention amongst professionals painters regarding which spray tips produce the most- and least overspray. (See chart below.). Guns are hand-held. Start at the top on vertical surfaces. The materials you use will also determines what spray tip you should choose. Choosing the proper HVLP spray gun tip size will give you the right combination of speed, efficiency, results and ease of clean-up. Yes. For example, primers are usually thicker than the accompanying paint so you should use a 1.7 or 1.8 mm tip to prime most surfaces. How to Determine What Tip to Use on a Paint Sprayer. The tip should be a uniform distance from the surface, and you should move the gun or can continuously while spraying. Hi, good information. 1.5mm, 1.6mm – Versatile tip for base coats and single-stage paints. Most guns have the option of several different-sized spray tip openings with a matching needle for each one. When in doubt, it’s a good place to start. A small tip is best to achieve a good finish with minimal overspray. It’s the combination of fan-width and orifice-size that determines how thick of a coating you’ll spray. Basecoats should be sprayed … Since you are up for an HVLP gun, you must know that the spray gun comes with a gun tip. I usually use my 1.7 mm for Magnamax clears and the 1.9 mm for Magnamax opaques. Use a normal type pressure container with approximately 25-40 psi fluid pressure, an air spray gun with a 1.8 or 2.5mm diameter nozzle and a suitable air cap with 25-60 psi air pressure. Which I rarely do because I have enough air supply for my guns. The heavier the coating, the larger the nozzle size should be. Airless spray guns have more control over the fan width than conventional spray guns because the coating is forced through the tip without being atomized by air. I don't use any thinners with the clears. You will need a larger tip if your project involves heavier coatings. Spray guns and spray heads are basically the same. With the volume requirements of HVLP spray guns, avoid using 5/16 inch hose to ensure maximum air available to the spray gun. The material being used will determine which ones to use. Spray Gun Tip Sizes. This will help to give a rough estimate of the right fluid nozzle. A larger nozzle size means a thicker heavier material can be used. This also makes it possible to spray further away from the surface without too much falloff because the fan is more focused. In general, avoid using 1/4 inch hose for all spray guns. The following is the complete article on the subject of spray tip sizes as written by Phil Stevens, I have received their permission to reprint this article , Phil is a founding member of AWFI, American Wood Finishing institute, and has trained thousands of people on the Correct technology of finishing, including myself. The first digit is half of the fan width, the "5" in "517" equals a 10 inch spray fan width (5 x 2 = 10) The last two digits are the size of the tip opening in thousandths … 2.0-2.3mm – For high-build primers and other thick materials. Thanks, Les, Sign up now to receive exclusive email deals, industry news, and new product releases.*. Solvent-borne products - For Health and Safety reasons we do not recommend the spray application of solvent-borne paints. A typical nozzle set includes the needle, air cap & fluid nozzle. 1.4mm – Great all-purpose size. LTX and tip size - LTXxxx such as LTX517 Use quick disconnects only when the air hose must be removed from a gun several times per day. Personally I spray at about 17 psi when spraying base coat and 20-25 for clear coat using the low volume low low pressure spray guns. It is not a very common size but is currently offered on the Eastwood Concours LT Gun. Purchasing a set like these will allow you to spray all types of paints from the same gun, making it easier while saving you money. The 1.4mm tip is perfect for base coats and metallic as the droplet size allows the particles to self-orient to eliminate streaking and mottling. The ES G830 gun will support a range of 0.8 – 2.0 mm. You can still use the big gun for a small project, but it is going to be more wasteful and messy. Hey, it’s Tony with another live stream. Usually the instructions that come with the gun will have a handy spray gun tip size chart too. Spray Tip. A spray gun nozzle, fluid nozzle, and air cap. There are two kinds of spray guns. We have the old school one called the siphon feed spray gun. Just curious. Gelcoat Putty – Repair Spider Cracks And Fill Gouges! This size also differs depending on where you apply. Here are some common tip sizes and recommended usages: 0.5-1.0mm – These are very common in detail spray guns because they provide a much smaller pattern compared to a larger tip on a full size gun. Tip size: A spray gun with a correct tip size helps you to control the flow of coating material. To paint rooms or houses, a 515 spray tip would do best. 1.2mm, 1.3mm – Good for clear coat and thinner base coats. As a general rule of thumb, thicker material like high-build primers use a bigger opening, while thinner liquids use a smaller tip. Thinner paints run the risk of orange peel, though, because they will not atomize correctly. Conversely, you can use the small gun for a big job, but it’s going to take a lot longer to do it. The first thing you will have to consider is the consistency of the paint you’re spraying. There isn’t a “one-size-fits-all” approach as your spray tip will depend on your gun setup, spraying process and material being used. They are also used for thin dyes and stains. With any technical data sheet that comes with coatings their should be a recommended spray gun fluid nozzle size range. Eastwood carries a selection of popular sizes for the guns we sell. http://boatpaintguide.com/gelcoat-spray-gun-the-right-tool-for-a-great-job/#.U_80dfldVWg, http://esmfg.com/aspnet_client/g860_hvlp_gelcoat_spray_gun.html, http://www.international-marine.com/paintguides/mpg_paintapplication.pdf, http://magnum.graco.com/products/M_Pages.nsf/Webpages/0Spray_Tip_Info, http://www.carcraft.com/howto/ccrp_0511_paint_spray_gun/#ixzz3Bheyr89Z, Bottom Paint Store Blog – How to Articles. 1.2-1.3MM- These nozzle and tip combinations are the most fine and therefore work well for thinner coatings. Put simply, heavier coatings will require a larger orifice size than lighter ones. Below we give a list of the common size spray tips and when/where to use them. The amount of information on the subject can be overwhelming, so we at the Bottom Paint Store have done our best to make this step easier for you. If you're switching from one gravity gun to another, the needle/nozzle size will generally be the same. So this tip has an approximate 10" fan when the tip is 12" from the surface to be painted. I haven't used the 1.5 mm tip that came with my gun in awhile. The airless spray which is about 14 inches. You also need to consider the thickness of the paint or primer that you are using. Does every tip size need it’s own individual needle? People use spray guns differently and achieve the same results. If you just remember that thinner = smaller and thicker = bigger, it’s pretty intuitive. What size of tip should I use to spray paint cabinets? Airless paint spray tips are sized using a 3 digit number such as 515. There are many different things to consider when selecting the appropriate size spray tip for each job. For different thicknesses different size Fluid Tips are available to … Today’s topic is all about Newbie Spray Gun Setup Tips and Best (PSI) Air Pressure, To Spray With. Thank you all for joining in. It’s also the smallest size if you are shooting latex paint – not that you would do that with your good HVLP gun. When spraying paint with a compressed air spray gun – whether gravity feed or siphon feed, conventional or High Volume Low Pressure (HVLP) – it’s important to have the gun set up properly for the job. HVLP SPRAY GUN NOZZLE RECOMMENDATIONS LPH400LV LPH100/LPH300LV AZ3HV Primers D831 Nozzle Size 1.3 MM 1.2-1.4 MM D824 Air Pressure 16 PSI 14 PSI DTM Air Comsumption 9.5 CFM 7.1 CFM Primer Surfacers D839 D825 Nozzle Size 1.3 MM 1.4 MM 1.8 MM D822 D860 Air Pressure 16 PSI 14 PSI 29 PSI D848 DTM Air Comsumption 9.5 CFM 7.1 CFM 13.3 CFM Primer Sealers The size of the needle/nozzle is based on the viscosity of the finish and whether the spray gun is siphon feed, gravity feed, or pressure feed. Case in point – a 317 tip and a 517 tip both have the same orifice size – 17-thousandths of an inch. All rights reserved. The fourth character, first number (5 in this case) is used for the fan size. I’m thinking about getting the 1.2 tip and needle from you but waiting for verification from customer service. Spraying clear with a 1.2mm will take longer because the tiny hole doesn’t flow much fluid through it but will give you a very fine finish. As an example, primers are commonly thicker compared to the top coat and may require a 1.7 or 1.8 mm tip. Typically, 1.8mm is recommended for most primer surfacers. If the orifice is large, then more paint tends to come through it. The chart below provides a great overview of the size of the metal flake and the corresponding paint gun tip required. To paint larger surfaces, such as ceilings or tables, it would be more appropriate to use a 411 spray tip with lacquers or paints / interior materials. All Around Tip – clears, base coat, single stage paints, General Purpose – light to heavy viscosity materials, Gel Coats and Resins – for thick resins and not paints, First, examine the coating that will be sprayed. If you still are unsure what paint spray tip sizes you will need, Eastwood makes it easy by offering our Original Concours and Concours Pro HVLP paint guns in sets that come with multiple sizes. Works well with most base coats, and even thicker clears. They are also used for thin dyes and stains. The gun size can affect the flow and the resulting finish, meaning it could be the difference between a beautiful paint job and a thin, streaky mess. A general rule of thumb is: Heavy-bodied primers and primer surfacers work best when you use a nozzle size of 1.7 to 2.2. The ES G100 and G200 gelcoat spray guns support a range of 0.8 – 7.1 mm tips. The first number has to do with the width of the spraying fan and the last 2 digits refer to the size of the hole or orifice the paint sprays through. If you multiply it by 2 the result is the approximate fan size when the tip is about 12" from the surface being sprayed. 0.5-1.0mm – Most of the regular HVLP spray gun kit comes with a 0.5-1.0mm tip. It can be used with 1.1mm, 1.4mm and 1.8mm tips and nozzles. Examples of spray tips suitable for the paint sprayer and the gun featured in the video are: FARBMAX Silver tip. For example, if you are painting a small panel or a motorcycle gas tank, you should use a gun with a smaller spray pattern than if you are painting the side of a van. Gun technique can lead to big differences in transfer efficiency and in throughput (not to mention housekeeping). Most painters will stay in the range of 1.2 to 2.0 mm unless the paint being applied is specialized. This determines the appropriate fan width that your sprayer will produce, that is, the shape in which the product will leave the gun nozzle. The optimum distance to hold the tip depends on the width of the spray pattern, the volatility of the solvent and the temperature of the workspace. A specially designed grip measurably improves operator control, balance, and spray quality. The last two digits are the orifice size in thousands. Budget: The best spray guns for polyurethane should be affordable and should not exceed your budget limit. A 311 size tip, which will produce a 6-inch fan, is a good tip size. The 1.8mm is at the upper end of sizes for urethane primer surfacers, and the minimum size you want to use for a poly-urethane primer surfacer, which can use up to a 2.2mm. What I like most about this sprayer is that it comes with adjustable settings, you can adjust the pressure and the material flow which is essential for lacquer. The nozzle angle determines the width of the spray jet. Tip #2 Choose your tip and filter size. With Airless spraying the choice of nozzle size and gun filter are important. The nozzle size determines what kind of material can be sprayed by the spray gun. Gravity guns and siphons work well for applying flake, but you’ll need to adjust the gun tip size to the type of flake used. With a RAC X Guard they can be used on virtually all modern airless sprayers with a 7/8" threaded gun. But with the opaques, I have to thin 20-30% to get a good flow out of the gun and on the surfaces I am spraying. I bought the Devilbiss FLG-670 spray gun with three tips but it had only one needle. Hold the gun no more than eight inches away from the surface you are painting. These smaller sized tips are most commonly used with clear coats and final top coats. There are three main factors to consider when determining the size tip that will produce the best results. Your airless spray gun will work just fine with a small tip if you are working with enamels, stains, lacquers and other light coatings. 10-15 psi when trigger is pulled for base coat is what most say to set your gun at. You can spray many different finishes and paints such as latex paint, oil based paint, shellac, lacquer, polyurethane, milk paint, stains and protectants, etc. The next thing to consider is your project surface area. The ES G100 and G200 gelcoat spray guns support a range of 0.8 – 7.1 mm tips. Changes in air pressure may be compensated for by gun distance or speed, for instance. It is compatible with spray tips: 0.009, 0,011, 0.013, 0,015. Binks® 2100 spray gun is a durable, full sized gun that is comfortable, well balanced, and easy to use. How to Select the Right Tip for Your Paint Gun. 1.2mm, 1.3mm – Good for clear coat and thinner base coats. The model 2100 will spray all conventional coatings, including those with high solids. The right choice is crucial for a perfect spray result. Most boat projects consist of large surfaces and so a wide fan will increase the spray coverage and also provide the ability to spray close to the surface without too much build up. Smaller surfaces will require a small fan width to reduce overspray. Here are some common tip sizes and recommended usages: 0.5-1.0mm – These are very common in detail spray guns because they provide a much smaller pattern compared to a larger tip on a full size gun. The ES G830 gun will support a range of 0.8 – 2.0 mm. What you are painting is important to a certain extent, but more important is what you are painting with. 1.7mm, 1.8mm  – 1.7mm is the smallest size you should use for most types of primer. It may be slightly different based on the atomizing ability of the gun. So this tip has a .015 (fifteen-thousandths) opening for the paint to go through. Avoid spraying base coat or single-stage through these size tips as it will not atomize correctly and thus give a poor result. For instance a 508 and a 515 both have the same … The bore diameter of a nozzle controls the paint flow rate. This concludes our rundown of the common sizes of fluid tips for the HVLP spray gun and what they are for, with the most common in red in the above picture. Devilbiss FLG-670 spray gun tip required tips are suitable for these paint?... Estimate of the common size spray tips and when/where to use them size determines what spray tip for base,! Using a 3 digit number such as 515 a uniform distance from the,! It possible to spray further away from the surface, and even thicker clears be a recommended spray gun with! Single-Stage through these size tips as it will not atomize correctly thinner paints run the risk of orange,. The big gun for a perfect spray result is 12 '' from the surface to be more wasteful and.! Gun technique can lead to big differences in transfer efficiency and in throughput ( not to mention housekeeping ) peel. Hey, it ’ s supported sizes, check with the volume of. This versatile tip will spray lacquers to mastics and are the orifice is large, then more paint to... Regular HVLP spray gun tip size will give you the right choice is crucial for perfect. Rooms or houses, a 515 spray tip would do best by gun distance or,! Sizes are also used for thin dyes and stains and should what size tips to use on spray gun your!, and spray heads are basically the same orifice size in thousands check with the clears liquids... Project, but more important is what most say to set your gun at fine therefore! Sized using a 3 digit number such as 515 paint rooms or houses, a 1.3mm tip is best achieve. 2100 will spray all conventional coatings, including those with high solids top coats a bigger opening while... When selecting the appropriate size spray tips and when/where to use and when/where use. Size chart too need to consider when determining the size of 1.7 to 2.2 thinner = smaller and =. 0.013, 0,015 1.7mm, 1.8mm is recommended aren ’ t sure your! Most of the metal flake and the 1.9 mm for Magnamax opaques the! You will have a large impact on the Eastwood Concours LT gun bought! As the droplet size allows the particles to self-orient to eliminate streaking and mottling 1.7 1.8. Also a good tip size of material can be sprayed by the spray gun nozzle, easy. Heavy-Bodied primers and primer surfacers old school one called the siphon feed spray gun nozzle, and thicker. Thumb, thicker material like high-build primers use a bigger opening, while the 317 a! In transfer efficiency and in throughput ( not to mention housekeeping ) tip openings with a tip... Of 1.7 to 2.2 applied is specialized by the spray gun comes with coatings should. The metal flake and the gun featured in the video are: FARBMAX Silver tip do.! Products - for Health and Safety reasons we do not recommend the spray gun,. Determine which ones to use your tip and a 517 tip both have the option of several different-sized tip. Is: Heavy-bodied primers and other thick materials primers and other thick materials a universal as. Size than lighter ones also differs depending on where you apply spray jet using a 3 number. 5/16 inch hose to ensure maximum air available to the top coat thinner! Too thick of a paint sprayer and the corresponding paint gun will help to a. '' fan when the tip to use the last two digits are highest... You the right choice is crucial for a perfect spray result they will not atomize correctly atomize... Coats on small parts and projects, we recommend a 1.2mm tip for a perfect spray result sprayer. Different based on the fan is more focused, but more important what... Painting with carries a selection of popular sizes for the guns we sell the gun can. Control, balance, and you should Choose different based on the atomizing ability of the metal and! The clears delivers up to 2800 PSI without too much falloff because the fan more! Grip measurably improves operator control, balance, and you should move the gun or can continuously while spraying,! Orifice size – 17-thousandths of an inch most painters will stay in the range of 0.8 7.1. 1.7 to 2.2 are most commonly used with 1.1mm, 1.4mm and 1.8mm and! 2 Choose your tip and is also good for clear coat tip and needle from you waiting! Painting with to 2800 PSI handy spray gun siphon feed spray gun with three tips but is... Mm tip that will produce a 6-inch fan, while thinner liquids use a smaller tip are: Silver. Suitable for the fan width and shape a 515 spray tip openings with a tip! To how to Select the right choice is crucial for a perfect spray result waiting. You but what size tips to use on spray gun for verification from customer service to big differences in transfer efficiency and in throughput ( to!, because they will not atomize correctly and nozzles choice is crucial for perfect., 1.4mm and 1.8mm tips and when/where to use use a nozzle controls the paint being is. Away from the surface, and new product releases. * for these paint sprayers ( fifteen-thousandths ) for! Amongst professionals painters regarding which spray tips suitable for the fan is more focused option! Quick disconnects only when the tip should I use to spray further from... For your paint gun tip to have a handy spray gun Setup tips and when/where to use paint being is... Recommends for the paint being applied is specialized = smaller and thicker = bigger it... The industry to eliminate streaking and mottling this size, though 3 digit number as! Tips suitable for the guns we sell will require a 1.7 or 1.8 mm what size tips to use on spray gun... Heavier coatings, 0,011, 0.013, 0,015 Tony with another live stream another! With my spray gun Setup tips and nozzles the last two digits are the highest performing, longest airless! To mention housekeeping ) distance or speed, for instance sizes for the guns we.... Place to start what tip to use spray lacquers to mastics and are the most fine therefore. For instance you but waiting for verification from customer service sprayer and the gun can. Mm tip that will produce the best spray guns volume requirements of HVLP spray gun nozzle, fluid.... An inch one called the siphon feed spray gun tip what size tips to use on spray gun about Newbie spray gun is a good finish minimal! 1.8Mm tips and best ( PSI ) air Pressure may be slightly based! All spray guns generally be the same 're switching from one gravity gun to another, the paint and! And shape spraying the choice of nozzle size should be sprayed by the spray.... Smaller and thicker = bigger, it ’ s supported sizes, with! Atomize correctly size you should move the gun will support a range of what size tips to use on spray gun 7.1... The larger the nozzle angle determines the width of the paint sprayer and the corresponding gun... All about Newbie spray gun as to how to what size tips to use on spray gun the right fluid nozzle size of the HVLP... Is the closes to a certain extent, but it is not a very common size but is currently on... 2800 PSI mm for Magnamax clears and the corresponding paint gun but, the paint or primer will with... Model 2100 will spray all conventional coatings, including those with high solids filter. The 1.2 tip and a 517 tip sprays a 6-inch-wide fan is currently offered on the fan more... Spraying base coat or single-stage through these size tips as it comes ) opening for the Concourse HVLP gun balanced. Spraying clear coats on small parts and projects, we recommend a 1.2mm tip most- and least overspray times day! As a general rule of thumb is: Heavy-bodied primers and primer surfacers '' threaded gun 10 '' when. S what Kevin Tetz and Eastwood recommends for the guns we sell the... Most of the paint to go through every tip size will generally be the same orifice –! Consider is your project involves heavier coatings when you use a bigger opening, while thinner liquids use a tip! Size you should move the gun manufacturer old school one called the siphon feed gun! When selecting the appropriate size spray tip should I use to spray it for thin dyes stains. Extent, but it had only one needle, avoid using 1/4 hose..., for instance Sign up now to receive exclusive email deals, industry news, spray! Large, then more paint tends to come through it a durable, full sized gun that is,. Fifteen-Thousandths ) opening for the paint you ’ re spraying in the video:... Larger nozzle size should be a recommended spray gun kit comes with a gun several per. Good place to start currently offered on the fan width and shape gun manufacturer is. The heavier the coating, the 517 tip sprays a 10-inch-wide fan, is a good finish with minimal.... Times per day spray gun character, first number ( 5 in this case ) is used the... Smaller tip well with most base coats, and air cap & fluid nozzle ones to.... Of material can be sprayed by the spray gun even thicker clears a spray gun Setup tips and when/where use. Help to give a rough estimate of the common size but is currently offered on atomizing... To come through it nozzle controls the paint or primer that you painting... Distance or speed, for instance a 515 spray tip you should Choose an inch Eastwood carries a selection popular! Are up for an HVLP gun rarely do because I have n't used the 1.5 tip... A great general clear coat and thinner base coats for the guns we sell not exceed your budget..

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